Stonehenge is perhaps one of the most baffling mysteries that has ever existed on Earth. It raises some serious questions: How did an ancient civilization build such a massive structure using primitive technology? Why would they spend so many valuable resources constructing it? Although Stonehenge is not the oldest man made structure, it has captivated the attention of millions of people.
After thousands of years, we still don’t know why Stonehenge was ever created. As we use advanced technology to try and uncover some truth about Stonehenge, it often just leads to more questions than answers. There are a lot of different theories on why Stonehenge was created. Some think that Stonehenge was used as a healing site, others believe that it was an ancestral shrine, others believe that Stonehenge was a calendar that was used to measure the days in a year, and some even believe that it was a type of Roman camp. Some researchers even believe that Stonehenge was used as a type of auditory illusion, like an echo chamber, giving the location some extraordinary acoustics.
Although many of these theories have been debunked, there are some theories that are promising and may actually explain the purpose of Stonehenge. One theory in particular stands out the most that Stonehenge was used as a burial site. The theory states that Stonehenge represents death, while the Durrington Walls represents life. Dating as far back as 3,000 B.C. researchers have found cremation remains at Stonehenge, which bestows credibility to this idea.
According to Mike Parker Pearson, leader of the Stonehenge Riverside Project, “Stonehenge was a place of burial from its beginning to its zenith in the mid third millennium B.C. The cremation burial dating to Stonehenge’s sarsen stones phase is likely just one of many from this later period of the monument’s use and demonstrates that it was still very much a domain of the dead.”
As far as what really happened at Stonehenge we may never know. It appears that Stonehenge was used as a large ritual may have taken place. There are a series of graves near Stonehenge, which appear to be aligned in a way that tracks the movements of the sun on the solstice. Regardless, Stonehenge has remained a significant structure for thousands of years. We may never know what the real purpose of Stonehenge and as we learn more we’ll most likely have more questions. Leave a comment below with your thoughts on Stonehenge.